Simple Indian Recipes...
Delicious and healthy dishes that can be made even by first timers.

Glossary - Vegetables


Names of various vegetables in English, Tamil, Malayalam and Hindi.

English Tamil Malayalam Hindi
Arrowroot   Koovaraku Tikora/ Paniphal
Ashguard Sambhal Pusani Kumbalainga Petha
Artichokes     Sharifa/Shalifa
Asparagus   Satawari Shatwar/ Sootmooli / Musli
Beetroot Beetroot Beetroot Chukander
Bitterguard Pavakai, Pagarkkai Kaipakai / Pavakka Karela
Bok Choy      
Bottleguard Suraikai Churakkai Lauki
Brinjal (Eggplant/Aubergines) Katharikai Vazhuthananga Baingan
Broad Beans Avarai Amarakka Papdi / Vaal
Broccoli Pachai Poo Goshu   Hari Gobhi
Brussels Sprouts     Choti Ghobi
Cabbage Muttaikose Muttakkos Pattagobi
Capsicum(Bell Pepper) Kodamilagai Kudamulaku Simla Mirch
Carrot Mangal mullangi Carrot Gajar
Cauliflower Kovipoo Cauliflower Phoolgobi
Celery     Celery
Chilli Pacha milagai Pacha Mulaku Harimirch
Cluster Beans Kothavarangai Kothamarakka Guar
Colocasia leaves Seppam ilaigal Chembu Ila Patrel / Patra
Colocasia roots (Taro root) Seppan kizhangu Chembu Arbi
Cowpea Karamani   Lobia
Cucumber Velarikai Vellarikka Kheera / Kakdi
Drumstick Murungakai Muringakaya Shingh phali
Endive     Gulsuchal
Fennel     Moti Saunf
French Beans     Fansi
Garlic Poondu veluthulli Lahsun
Gherkins (Pickling Cucumbers)     Gherkins
Ginger Inji Inji Adrak
Gooseberry Nellikai Nellikka Amla
Ivy gourd Kovai kai Kovaikka Tindoora
Knolkol (kholrabi) Noolkol Seemamullangi Gathgobi
Lemon Kolinchi pazham Cheru narangai Nimbu
Lime Elumichai Cheru narangai Nimbu
Lotus Root Thamarai Kilangu Thamara Kilangu Kamal Kakdi
Mushroom Kalan Koonu Khumb / Guchhi
Napa Cabbage      
Okra(Ladiesfinger) Vendakai Vendakaya Bhindi
Onion Vengayam Valia Ulli / Savala Pyaz
Pearl Onion (Shallot Onion) Chinna Vengayam Chuvanna Ulli / Cheriya Ulli  
Plantain flower Vazhaipoo Vazha Koombu / Vazha Poo Kele ka phool
Plantain pith Vazhai thandu Vazha Pindi / Vazha Thandu Kele ka guda
Pointed Guard Kombuppudalai, Musumusukai, Peypputalai, Amirtapalai Kattu-potolam, Patolam Palval, Palwal, Parvar, Parwal
Potato Urulai kilangu Urala Kizhangu Aloo / Batata
Pumpkin Poosanikai Matthanga Kaddu
Purple Yam     Surti Kand
Radish Mullangi Mullangi Mooli
Raw Banana Vazhakai Vazhakkai / Mondankai Kela
Raw Jackfruit Pallakai Chakka Kathal
Raw Mango Paccha Maanga Paccha Maanga Kaccha Aam / Keri
Ridge Gourd Peerkangai Peechchinga Tori / Thurai
Snake Gourd Pudalangai Padavalanga Chichinda / Padval
Spinach Keerai Cheera Paalak
Sweet Potato Cheeni Kilangu / Sarkaraivalli Kizhangu Madhura Kizhangu Shakarkand / Ratalu
Tapioca Maravalli Kilangu Maricheeni kilangu Simla Aloo
Tomato Thakkali Thakkali Tamatar
Turnip Kocchu Kilangu   Shalgam
Water Chestnuts     Shingara
White goose foot     Bathua
Yam Karuna Kilangu Chena Sooran
Zucchini     Tori/ turaii

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 Published by on and last updated on 2017-03-23.