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Glossary - Whole Spices, Nuts, Seeds, Seasonings


Names of whole spices, nuts seeds and seasonings which are used in cooking in languages like English, Tamil, Malayalam and Hindi.

English Tamil Malayalam Hindi
Almond Badam (பாதம் கொட்டை) Badam Kay (ബദാം കായ്) Badam (बादाम)
Aniseed Sombu Karinjeeraham Saunf (सौंफ़)
Asaefoetida Perungayam (பெருங்காயம்) Kaayam Hing
Basil Seeds Tulasi Vidai (துளசி விதை) Tulasi Vittukal (ബേസിൽ വിത്തുകൾ) Tukmaria, Sabja
Bay Leaf Talishapattari Karuvaela Tej Patta
Black Salt     Kala Namak, Sanchal
Caraway seeds     Shahi Jeera, Kaala Jeera (काला जीरा)
Cardamon Ellakai (ஏலக்காய்) Ellaka Ilaichi (इलायची)
Carom Seeds (Thymol seeds) Omam (ஓமம் விதைகள்) Vaum/ Aimothagam Ajwain (अजवाइन)
Cashew nut Mundiriparuppu (முந்திரிப்பருப்பு) Andiparuppu/ Kasuvandi (കശുവണ്ടി) Kaajoo, Kaju (काजू)
Cinnamon Ilavanka Pattai (இலவங்கப்பட்டை) Patta / Karuvappatta (കറുവ) Dalchini (दालचीनी)
Cloves Krambu, Lavangam (கிராம்பு) Kariyambo, grampu (ഗ്രാമ്പൂ) Lavang, laung (लौंग)
Coconut Thengai (தேங்காய்) Thenga/ Naligeram (നാളികേരം) Nariyal (नारियल)
Coriander Seeds Kotthamalli (கொத்தமல்லி) Malli (മല്ലി) Dhania (धनिया)
Cumin seeds Jeeragam, Ceerakam (சீரகம்) Jirakam (ജീരകം) Jeera (जीरा)
Dry fenugreek leaves     Kasoori Methi
Dry Ginger Chukku Chukku Saunth (सौंठ)
Dry Mango powder Maangai thool Manga Podi Amchoor (अमचूर)
Dry Pumpkin / Water Melon seeds     Magaz
Dry Red Chilly Vattal milagai Mulahu (ഉണങ്ങിയ മുളക്) Sukhi Lalmirch (सुखी लाल मिर्च)
Fennel seeds Sombu, Perumjeeragam (பெருஞ்சீரகம்) Perumjeeragam (പെരുംജീരകം) Saunf (सौंफ़)
Fenugreek seeds Vendayam (வெந்தயம்) Uluva (ഉലുവ) Methi dhana (मेंथी)
Flax seed/ Linseed Ali vidai, Alivirai (ஆளி விதைகள்) Cheruchana Vithu, Tiri Vittukal (തിരി വിത്തുകൾ) Alasi (अलसी का बीज)
Mace Jathipoo Jathipoo / Jaathipathri (ജാതിപത്രി) Javitri
Mustard seeds Kadugu (கடுகு) Kadugu Rai/Sarson (सरसों)
Nigella(Onion seeds) Vengaya Vidaigal (வெங்காயம் விதைகள்)   Kalonji
Nutmeg Jathikai/ Paaku Jathikka (ജാതിക്ക) Jaiphal (जायफल)
Peanuts(Groundnuts) Nilakkadalai, Verkadalai (வேர்கடலை) Kapalandi, Nilakadala (നിലക്കടല) Moongphali (मूंगफली)
Peppercons, Pepper Milagu (மிளகு) Kurumulaku (കുരുമുളക്) Kaali mirch (मिर्च)
Pinenut     Chilgoza
Pistachio pista paruppu   Pista (पिस्ता)
Pomegranate seeds Madulai Vidaigal (மாதுளை விதைகளை) Madulapazha vittukal (മാതളപ്പഴം വിത്തുകൾ) Anardhana
Poppy Seeds Kasa kasa Kas kas khasakhas (खसखस)
Saffron Kungumapoo (குங்குமப்பூ) Kungumapoovu (കുങ്കുമം) Kesar (केसर)
Sesame seeds Ellu (எள்) Ellu (എള്ള്) Til (तिल)
Star Anise Magambhu/Anisu Takkolam Anasphal
Turmeric Powder Manchal Tool (மஞ்சள் தூள்) Manjal Podi (മഞ്ഞൾ) Haldi (हल्दी)
Walnut     Akrot (अखरोट)

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Comments (6)

Person   ()
hello sir , Wat s d tamil meaning of star anise?
Person   ()
Can I ask the English name of Maasikai and Vasambu
Person   ()
what u mean by aashali? Its using in Jeeraka kanji.
Person   ()
Aashali means basil seeds
Person   ()
Peppercons = KuruMulaku (Malayalam)
Cloves = Grampoo(Malayalam)
Dry Red Chilly = Unakka Mulaku(Malayalam)
Person   ()
Thank You.

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 Published by on and last updated on 2017-03-23.