- Submitted by Aniket Daptardar
[Chandraseniya Kayastha Prabhu (CKP) style crispy Chicken Biryani / Biriyani]
A simple recipe of Chicken Biryani from the Chandraseniya Kayastha Prabhu (CKP) community cuisine.
Recipe For CKP Chicken Biryani
For Ghee rice
- 4 cups (800 g) Basmati rice
- 6 cups water
- ¾ cup onion sliced (1 medium size onion)
- ¾-1 Tbsp cumin seeds
- 7 Cardamom pods
- 8 Cloves
- 2 1” size pieces of Cinnamon sticks
- 1 Bay leaves
- 9 Tbsp Clarified butter (Ghee), (I used 7 Tbs vegetable oil and 2 Tbs ghee)
- 1 Tbsp Salt
- 1 Tbsp Lime juice
- 1 twig Curry leaves
For Biryani masala
- 1 kg of large chicken pieces, preferably thighs, legs and breast
- 500g (4 ½ cups, 4-5 medium onions) thinly sliced onion
- 15 large cloves(4 packed Tbs) freshly minced garlic
- 65g (2 ½" thick piece) freshly minced ginger
- 330g (2 cups packed, 4 large) chopped tomatoes
- 20 (5 tsp) minced Green chillies (reduce if you want it less hot), you may use just 12-15 of them
- ½ cup Chopped Coriander leaves
- 10-12 fresh mint leaves chopped
- 22 mls (1 ½ Tbsp) freshly squeezed lime juice
- ½ tsp garam masala + 1 tsp extra to sprinkle on rice while layering.
- 4 tsp Oil (you may add more if needed)
- 3 cardamoms
- 8 cloves
- 4 small pieces of cinnamon sticks (1” size, thin ones)
- 1 ½tsp - 1 ¾ tsp Salt
- 2 handful cashews
- 2 handful raisins
- 2 medium onions sliced thin
- Few drops of yellow or orange food colouring or both (opional)
Step by step guide to prepare Dum Biryani
Method to prepare Biryani masala
- Wash chicken well, place it on a colander to drain off all water.
- Heat a large vessel to medium low and add oil. When hot, throw in the whole spices. When they leave the aroma (takes up-to a minute on low heat) sauté chopped ginger, garlic, chillies and onions along with salt until the onions become soft and translucent.
- At this point, add chopped tomatoes. When the tomatoes start to soften ad breakdown almost completely, add chicken and cook until almost done. All this should be done on a low heat so that onion releases its juice and chicken gets cooked in that juice slowly.
- Add lime juice, chopped coriander and mint leaves and cook the chicken until done. Add garam masala and close lid to infuse in the flavour.
If there is lot of liquid, boil it off and reduce to a thick masala. If there is lot of water, the rice may end up overcooked.
Method to prepare Ghee rice and Garnishing
- Wash rice several times until you g et clear water to drain. Soak the rice for half an hour.
- For preparing the garnish, in a large non-stick vessel, add oil + ghee or only ghee as mentioned in the recipe and fry the cashews until golden. Remove them and drain on a kitchen towel. In the same oil fry the raisins until they puff up and keep them along with cashews. Fry the onion until just golden and keep them with the former. The onion will get coloured (will continue to cook even after you take them out, so don’t fry until brown).
- For preparing the ghee rice, In the same vessel, add ¾ cup slice onion and sauté till the onion turn soft and translucent. (don’t brown them, that will effect the colour of the rice.). At this stage add cardamom, cloves, bay leaves, cinnamon and cumin seeds and sauté for a minute until it leaves the aroma.
- Strain the rice and tip in the rice slowly and fry for 5 minutes on high heat by constant stirring.
- Add boiling water, salt, curry leaves and lime juice and keep boiling, by keeping the lid open until all the water has disappeared, but the rice is still wet and not dry.
- Reduce the flame to low, Cover tightly to let all the steam in and cook it until done. In between you can flip the rice two times to ensure even cooking.
If you follow the method of preparing the rice you should get well fluffed individual rice that doesn’t stick to each other.
For layering the biryani and final cooking
- Using a large plate, take out 2/3 rd of the rice from the vessel and transfer it to another bowl. Leave the rest 1/3 of the rice in the vessel and level off the surface neatly using a spatula. Sprinkle a good pinch of garam masala (from the garam masala that is reserved for sprinkling) all over. If you are adding colour, add few drops of yellow or orange food colouring in 4-5 places.
- Take half of the masala and sprinkle over the rice along with the chicken.
- Spoon 1/3 rd of the rice again over the chicken masala. Sprinkle a good pinch of garam masala, and few drops of colouring.
- Add the rest half of the masala and complete the layering by spooning the last 1/3 of the rice. Sprinkle again with garam masala, and few drops of colouring.
- So now you have alternating layers of rice and masala that’s goes like this: Rice, Biryani masala, rice, Biryani masala and again rice.
- Cover the entire vessel with foil (to ensure that full steam stays in), then close the lid tightly. Place a weight (you can also use any vessel filled with water for this) over this vessels and cook on hob top for about 30 minutes at very low heat. This is to infuse the flavour of the biryani masala into the rice and this process of cooking is called ‘Dum’. To know if it is done, lift the lid and you should be able to see steam coming from the top part of rice. (Don’t expect smoke, it will be just a light streak of steam from here and there) and the rice on the top will be slightly curvy!!
- You can also do the layering in an ovenproof vessel and place it in a preheated oven at a very low temperature for about 20-30 minutes for the final cooking. I never tried this, but my friends do it this way.
Just before serving, garnish with fried onions, cashews and raisins. Enjou the CKP Chicken Biryani.
More Biryani Recipes
More CKP Recipes