Simple Indian Recipes...
Delicious and healthy dishes that can be made even by first timers.

Khoya (Pal Khoa)

 Published 2009-Jan-09   Updated 2017-Nov-14

- Submitted by Dahlia

(khoa, kova, Mawa, khuaa, koa, maua, khuwa)

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Khoya or mawa is basically dried milk used for making many sweet dishes. Khoya can be made at home by boiling and reducing the milk to a semi-solid stage. You can buy khoya directly from stores too but nothing compares to the taste of fresh home made khoya.  Khoya is used as one of the ingredients to make many desserts but the sweetened khoya is itself served as a dessert called as pal khova.

There are different types of khoya depending on the use of ingredients and moisture content.

  1. Hard or Firm Khoya (Batti Khoya): This is a very tough khoya made with whole fat milk and used for making peda, burfi and ladoo.
  2. Smooth Khoya (Chikna Khoya): This is soft and sticky used to make rabdi, halwas etc.
  3. Granulated Khoya (Danedar khoya): In this the milk is curdled before evaporating and hence it is granular used for making kalakand.

Recipe For Khoa


  • Whole milk (cow milk or buffalo milk) - 4 cups
  • Sugar - 1/2 cup (or as needed)
  • Cardamom Powder - 1/4 tsp


  1. Take the milk in a heavy bottomed pan and heat it over medium flame.
  2. Once it comes to a boil, reduce the flame to medium low and let it continue boiling for the next 2 hours until it reduces to 1 cup. (Note: For the first 1 hour, keep stirring occasionally. After that constant stirring is needed to prevent the khoya from getting burnt.)
  3. At this stage add the sugar and cardomon powder and mix everything together until you get a thick and gooey mass.

Serving Suggestion

  • Serve this pal khova as a dessert as such. Alternatively, you can pour the mixture onto a plate and let it cool. Once it is cool enough, cut it into cubes and serve.

Note: You can make khoya without adding the sugar and store it in the refrigerator. This comes handy for making many sweets.

Quicker Methods for making Khoya

Method 1: Take 2 cups of milk powder(or mawa powder), 1 can (14 oz) of sweetened condensed milk and 1 stick of butter. Mix all the ingredients and boil it for few minutes on stove top or in microwave stirring continuously.
Click to see Low Fat Microwave Palkova Method.

Method 2: Mix 3 cups of milk powder(or mawa powder) with 1 cup heavy cream and boil it on stove top or microwave.

Method 3: Unsalted Ricotta cheese - Take 2 cups of ricotta cheese, mix half a stick of butter and 3 cups of milk powder(or mawa powder) with it. Mix everything together and boil it over stove top stirring continuously for about 5-7 minutes or in a microwave.

Method 4: Mix 1 cup of milk powder(or mawa powder), 1/2 cup of butter and enough milk to make a thick batter. Boil this on stove top or microwave for 5-7 minutes stirring continuously. 


  • Use jaggery to sweeten the khoya and this dessert is called Theratti Paal.

Detailed Steps

Khoa Steps
Half liter milk for boiling

Khoa Steps
After 1 hour of boiling

Khoa Steps
After 1.5 hours of boiling

Khoa Steps
After 2.5 hours khoya is ready

More Milk Recipes

Jaggery Tea Jaggery Tea Instant Ice Cream Instant Vanilla Ice Cream Pasta Payasam Pasta Payasam Peda Peda
See more ⟩⟩

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Comments (11)

Person   ()
Thanks for the khoa receipe, it tastes awesome :)

BTW here is the Famous Palkova in Srilliputhur
Person   ()
Thank you.
Person   ()
Thanx a lot for your lovely receipe I tried and it has come out lovely I wanted to make Kaju Mava cake so I used unsweetened mawa and awesome it turn out. Thanx once again for your lovely receipe with pictures. Can you pls send me some Green Thai Curry receipe which we eat in hotel. Pls Thanx once again.
Person   ()
Thank you for trying and leaving your feedback.
I will try to post Green Thai Curry recipe soon
Person   ()
recepies given by you are very interesting and tasty thanks for providing these recepies
Person   ()
Thank You Nitin.
Person   ()
Person   ()
Thank you.
Person   ()
i do not use khoya at all. i use only milk, sugar and cardamom powder and few saffrons strands as my son like this way only.
Person   ()
hi Dahlia, nice to see the pictures step by step. this is what we have to do now. i have observed that in almost all the recipes in other sites, it is given step by step which will help the freshers to follow easily. wherever possible, shall try to incorporate the same.
Person   ()
yeah true. I try to do whenever possible.

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 Published by on and last updated on 2017-11-14.