(Chutneys, Thokku, Thuvayal, Pachadi, Podi, Dips, Sauces and Pickles, Chatney, Chatni)
Chutney is an important part of Indian cuisine. It is known by different names regionally as thuvayal, pachadi, chammandhi etc. There are so many varieties of chutney which can be consumed as a dip or sauce with any kind of Indian food. Chutneys are in different forms - wet, dry, sweet, sour or spicy hot. The texture of chutney varies from chunky ones to smooth pasty ones.
Chutney varieties are countless and can be made from any single vegetable or fruit or a combination of vegetables, lentils, nuts, etc...There are also chutneys made with dried fish, dried shrimp or dried meat. Chutneys made by Goans are often served as dips and is sweet and sour. It has a fruit or vegetable combined with vineger and sugar. These chutney varieties can be preserved for many days like pickles. In South India, chutneys are part of everyday morning breakfast and evening snack. It is also not uncommon to see more than one chutney often being served with a meal. It is made with tomatoes, coconut, peanuts or any other herbs like mint, cilantro etc. They are also served along with other curries as a condiment. There are also chutneys that are served along with rice for a meal. These are usually made with some vegetable or herb along with lentils or coconut. It has coarser texture with very little water added. These are known as Thuvayal (or Thogayal) in Tamil and Pachadi in Telugu. There are also many dry chutney powder varieties which are made with no liquid. These are typically stored for many days.
Chutneys were pounded traditionally with hands using a ammi (stone grinder) at homes. These days it is made using mixie, food processor or blender. Also many commercial brands have come out with jarred chutneys. These commercial ones are becoming popular in western countries and are often served for appetizers along with tortilla chips, crackers etc.
Below there is a huge list of chutney varieties made with vegetables like tomato, ridge gourd, nuts like coconut, almond, peanuts etc., healthy seeds like flax seeds, fruits like mango, tamarind etc. and other items. Do make it and enjoy with your meal.
Various Chutney Recipes